You’ve been working hard to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by losing weight and being active.
This session we will talk about:
- The basics of type 2 diabetes
- How to find out if you have type 2 diabetes
- How to manage type 2 diabetes
You will also make a new action plan!
Basics of Type 2 Diabetes
In people with type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make or use insulin well. So sugar builds up in their blood instead of going into their cells. That means the cells don’t get enough energy. Over time, high blood sugar can cause many health problems.
Type 2 diabetes can harm your:
- Heart and blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes
- Kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure
- Eyes, which can lead to blindness
- Feet, which can lead to amputation
You are more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you:
- Are too heavy (overweight or obese)
- Spend a lot of time sitting or lying down
- Have a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
- Are African American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian American
- Are 45 or older. This may be because people tend to be less active and gain weight as they age. But type 2 diabetes is also on the rise among young people.
- Had diabetes while you were pregnant (gestational diabetes)
Mike and Henry’s Story
Mike is at risk for type 2 diabetes. He’s trying to prevent or delay it by living a healthy lifestyle.
Mike’s dad, Henry, has type 2 diabetes. His goal is to keep his blood sugar in a healthy range.
Mike and Henry have very similar eating and fitness goals. They are both trying to reach and stay at a healthy weight. And they both track their eating and activity.
Unlike Mike, though, Henry checks his own blood sugar each day. And he tracks the results. Henry also takes pills to control his blood sugar.
Mike and Henry both keep an eye on their health. But Henry visits his healthcare provider more often. He also has more lab tests. In addition to getting his blood sugar checked, he needs to get his blood pressure, cholesterol, kidneys, eyes, and feet checked on a regular basis.
Mike has lost weight. And his latest blood sugar numbers are normal. His provider says he’s on track to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
Henry’s latest blood sugar numbers are normal too. His provider says he’s doing a good job keeping his blood sugar in a healthy range.